Chili peppers originated in Mexico after the Columbian Exchange, many cultivars of chili pepper spread across the world, used for both food and traditional medicine. Pepper (Capsicum spp.) is one of the oldest domesticated and utilized crops. Its use dates back to more than 7000 years in Mexico and is believed to have originated in tropical America.
Pepper is the most widely used spice and condiment in the world and is greatly priced for its pungency and adding special flavor to many cuisines throughout the world. Historically it was used mainly for seasoning and as medicinal plant, but today its use extended to fresh and processed vegetable, spice, dried forms, used as food dye, bred as ornamental plant and production of extracts for various pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry.